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Geography

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Geography

Africa

Africa is the second largest continent after Asia. The north of the continent is mostly occupied by the hot, barren Sahara Desert, edged with coastal areas that are cooler and...

Asia

Asia is the largest continent. The northern part is taken up entirely by Siberia, part of Russia, where icy tundra and coniferous forests dominate the landscape. Farther south are...

Europe

Europe and Asia together form one vast land mass called Eurasia. Europe itself lies west of the Ural Mountains, to the north of the Caucasus and on the western bank of the...

North America

North America includes Canada, the United States of America (USA), Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean islands. Greenland is also often considered part of North America. In...

States of the US

The United States of America is made up of 50 states, including the Pacific islands of Hawaii, and Alaska, the largest state, which borders northwestern Canada. Since the USA was...

South America

South America reaches from the tropical coast of the Caribbean to the icy Southern Ocean. The world’s longest mountain range, the Andes, stretches down the western side of...

Oceania

Oceania is the name given to the group of countries located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is made up of Australia—itself an island continent—New Zealand, Papua New...

Polar regions

Both the North Pole in the Arctic and the South Pole in Antarctica are bitterly cold places, covered with ice and snow all year round. The Arctic is quite different from...

World geography

Circumference at the Equator: 40,075 km (24,901 miles), land area:  148,328,100 sq km (57,270,000 sq miles), ocean area:  361,741,000 sq km (139,670,000 sq miles)...

Maps

A map is a representation of space that allows us to see the relationship between places, objects or themes. The space shown on a map may be on the Earth’s surface, beneath...

Farming

The world relies on farming (also called agriculture) for its food. Farms range in size from large commercial businesses that provide food for sale at home and abroad (cash...

Industry

The word “industry” describes an activity that produces the goods or services that people need or want. Industries fall into three groups. Primary industries are those...

Trade

International trade is the exchange of money, goods and services across international borders. Exports are goods and services that are sent out for sale to another country...

Population

The world’s population underwent a massive increase during the 20th century. In 1900 it stood at 1.6 billion. By the end of the century, it topped 6 billion. It is estimated...

Government

A government is any system in which authority is exercised over the people. There are several different types of government. A liberal democracy is a style of government where...

World issues

Around 85% of the world’s wealth is owned by just 10% of the world’s population, mostly in Europe, the USA and East Asia. In contrast, about half of the world’s...

LET'S EXPLORE Our world

The world is home to many different peoples. From the native hunters of the Amazon rainforest to Japanese office workers, people live their lives in a great variety of ways. In...

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