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Africa

Mozambique

A map of MozambiqueA map of Mozambique Mozambique lies in southeastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean. The coast is flat and marshy, fringed with lagoons and mangrove forests. The River Zambezi runs through the middle of Mozambique, dividing it in two, before it empties out into the Indian Ocean. Upstream, its waters are dammed to form Lake Cahora Bassa. This is the largest hydro-electric power plant in southern Africa, although building the dam led to the destruction of wetlands in the Zambezi Delta. To the north of the Zambezi, the land rises to a rugged, mountainous plateau, covered by woodlands. To the south, broad, grassy lowlands stretch all the way to the southern tip of the country where the capital, Maputo, is situated. Mozambique has a tropical climate. For much of the year, the weather is hot and humid; there is a rainy season between October and March. 

A map of MozambiqueA map of Mozambique
Welcome to Mozambique
Makua womenMakua women

People

Most people in Mozambique are Bantu, the descendants of those who arrived in the region in the 3rd century AD. Mozambique’s official language is Portuguese. About 50% of the population speaks it, but outside the cities, it is mainly spoken as a second language. Many rural people use local Bantu languages instead; people in the far north speak Swahili.


A road in NampulaA road in Nampula
Tea plantation, northern MozambiqueTea plantation, northern Mozambique

Farming

Mozambique’s population doubled between 1970 and 1998.

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