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Africa

Uganda

Welcome to UgandaWelcome to UgandaClick to play videoMost of Uganda lies on a high plateau, averaging around 1000 metres (3300 feet) above sea level. This plateau is surrounded by the mountains, valleys and freshwater lakes of East Africa’s Great Rift Valley. In the west, the Rwenzori mountain range is the location for Uganda’s highest mountain, the glacier-topped Margherita Peak. In the centre of the country lies swampy Lake Kyoga, while the south borders Lake Victoria, the largest freshwater lake in Africa. Although Uganda is on the equator, its high altitude gives it a milder climate than neighbouring countries. Southern Uganda has a high yearly rainfall, for which the clouds forming over Lake Victoria are responsible. 


A map of UgandaA map of Uganda

People

A villager weaves mats in southern UgandaA villager weaves mats in southern UgandaA village school in Bukwe regionA village school in Bukwe regionUganda is home to at least 40 different ethnic groups. Bantu peoples live chiefly in the south, speaking Bantu languages such as Luganda. The north is home to Nilotic peoples, whose ancestors arrived in Uganda from Sudan and the Nile Valley.

In the 1890s, when Uganda was under British rule, 32,000 people from British India moved to Uganda to build a railway. Many stayed behind after its completion. After independence, there were 80,000 Southern Asians living in Uganda, running many of the nations most profitable businesses. In 1972, the then president of Uganda, Idi Amin, expelled all Indians and Pakistanis from the country. Many moved to the UK.

With more than 300 mountain gorillas, Uganda's Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is home to about half of the world's population of these severely endangered animals.

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