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Asian geography A-Z

Altai Mountains   A mountain range that stretches around 2000 kilometres (1200 miles) through western Mongolia and northern China. The highest peak, Belukha Mountain, is 4506 metres (14,783 feet) high.

An Nafud   A red, sandy desert in the north of the Arabian Peninsula. The sand is piled into enormous, crescent-shaped dunes by frequent storms.

Anatolian Plateau   A broad area of land, between the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea, joining Europe and Asia.

Andaman Islands   A chain of islands in the Bay of Bengal between India and Burma. Most of the islands belong to India.

Angkor Wat   A huge temple in Cambodia, built 800 years ago at the centre of a city. Angkor Wat was first Hindu, then Buddhist.

Anti-Lebanon Mountains   A mountain range on the SyriaLebanon border. The highest peak, Mount Hermon, is 2814 metres (9232 feet) high.

Arabian Peninsula   The part of Asia that is surrounded on three sides by the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.

Aral Sea   A saltwater lake on the border between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. In recent years, the waters flowing into the Aral Sea have been diverted to irrigate crops, causing large parts of it to dry up.

Baghdad   The capital of Iraq. It is the third largest city in the Middle East (after Cairo, in Egypt, and Tehran, in Iran), with a population of over 7 million.

Baikal, Lake
  The deepest lake in the world, located in the far east of Siberia. It contains around one-fifth of the world’s total fresh surface water.  

Balkhash, Lake   A large lake in eastern Kazakhstan. It is all that remains of a sea that once covered much of Central Asia.

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