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A map of JordanA map of Jordan Much of eastern and southern Jordan is a desert plateau, marked by ridges and cut through by deep valleys. In the east, sandy plains, dunes and salt flats merge into the Syrian and northern Arabian deserts. To the west, the plateau rises to a mountainous ridge before dropping steeply to the green Jordan Valley. It is part of the Great Rift Valley, a deep gash in the Earth’s crust. Here, the River Jordan flows southwards into the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the Earth’s surface. 

A map of JordanA map of Jordan

The mountains of Sakib, northwestern JordanThe mountains of Sakib, northwestern Jordan


The west of Jordan has a Mediterranean climate with a hot summers and a cool, rainy winter between November and April. The eastern and southern deserts are much drier, where dust storms frequently whip up in summer.

A desert landscape in JordanA desert landscape in Jordan

Abu Darweesh Mosque, AmmanAbu Darweesh Mosque, Amman


Jordan’s population is made up of people from all over the Middle East. Some have ancestors who have lived in the country for many hundreds of years, while others are refugees from Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Armenia. Nearly all of them are Arab. Although Arabic is the official language, many people also speak English. Jordan’s deserts are home to a small population of Bedouins, nomadic people who move from place to place in the desert, living in tents and herding camels, sheep and goats

The present-day population of Jordan is more 30 times what it was in 1920, when just 200,000 people lived there.

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