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A map of NepalA map of NepalMuch of Nepal lies among the steep, snowy peaks of the Himalayan mountain range. Eight of the world’s ten highest peaks are found along its northern border, including Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth. The climate in northern Nepal is extremely cold and dry. Central Nepal is cut through by steep-sided river valleys such as the Kathmandu Valley. Farther south, the foothills of the Himalayas slope to a region of tropical lowlands, known as the Terai. Lying across the Eurasian and Indian tectonic plates, Nepal suffers frequent earthquakes.  

A map of NepalA map of Nepal

Kathesimbu Stupa, KathmanduKathesimbu Stupa, Kathmandu


Nepal has over 100 ethnic groups. The largest group are the Khas peoples, who have lived in the Himalayan region since ancient times. The majority of people are Hindu, but many practise some form of Buddhism as well, as the two religions are closely related in Nepal’s culture.

Nepal’s Sherpa people live high in the Himalayas, many above 3600 metres (12,000 feet). They are known for their skills in climbing and their respect for the land. Many of the highest Himalayan peaks are sacred to the Sherpas, who are Buddhists and associate mountains with the Buddha and the gods.

Nepal has the greatest difference in altitude of any country on Earth, ranging from 70 m (230 ft) to 8863 m (29,078 ft).

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