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A map of AustriaA map of Austria Austria is dominated by the Alps, the soaring, jagged mountain range that makes up almost two-thirds of the country. In northern and eastern Austria, the land flattens out. The rolling lowlands of the Danube valley are where most of the country’s farmland, cities and industries are found. In the east, the lake, Neusiedler See, straddles the border with Hungary. Austria’s lowlands are warm in summer and cold in winter, while high up in the Alps, temperatures are cooler all year round. 

A map of AustriaA map of Austria
Street scene in ViennaStreet scene in Vienna


Austrians are closely related to Germans, descended from a mixture of Celtic, Germanic and Slavic peoples. About 90% of the population are ethnic Austrians, while many of the rest are recent immigrants and their descendants. Most originate from Turkey and from the former Yugoslavia (Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro).

All Austrian men over the age of 18 have to join the army for a minimum of six months.

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