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Europe

Hungary

A map of HungaryA map of Hungary Hungary is a landlocked country in central Europe. Its current borders were set at the end of World War II. Most of Hungary’s land is made up of low, rolling plains. In the east and southeast is the Great Hungarian Plain, or Alföld, a flat region of rich soils and farmland. Rising in the north are the Mátra and Bükk hills, which merge into the great Carpathian mountain range. Lake Balaton, the largest lake in Central Europe, lies in the west. Two great rivers, the Danube and Tisza, and their tributaries, run through Hungary. The climate is continental: winters are short and fairly cold while summers are hot and dry.


A map of HungaryA map of Hungary
Danube promenade, BudapestDanube promenade, Budapest

People

Nearly all Hungary's population are descendants of a nomadic tribal people, the Magyars, who arrived in the region from the Ural Mountains (in what is now Russia) just over 1000 years ago. Today, Hungarians call themselves Magyars and their country Magyarország. Their language, Hungarian, is related to Finnish, Estonian and Lapp. Over a third of Hungarians live in and around the capital, Budapest.

Hungary’s capital is actually two cities: Buda (the old royal capital) and Pest (the modern city and seat of government). The two were united as a single city in 1873.

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