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A map of LiechtensteinA map of Liechtenstein The tiny Alpine state of Liechtenstein lies in the Rhine Valley, on the border between Switzerland and Austria. The western part is a region of rolling, green farmland. Farmers here grow cereal crops and raise dairy cattle. In the east, the land climbs steeply to the mighty peaks of the Alps. Liechtenstein is a major centre of banking and finance and has become an extremely wealthy country—one of the richest places in Europe. Its people speak German. Liechtenstein’s bigger neighbour, Switzerland, looks after its foreign policy. Liechtenstein also shares Switzerland’s currency (Swiss franc), postal and telephone services.

A view of Vaduz, and the Alps beyondA view of Vaduz, and the Alps beyond

Consultant: Nicholas Harris

Facts about Liechtenstein

  • Population 38,111
  • Area 160 sq km
  • Highest point Vorder-Grauspitz 2599 m (8527 ft)
  • Capital Vaduz, population 5400
  • Language German
  • Religions Christian (Roman Catholic) 76%, Christian (Protestant) 7%, Muslim 5%, others 12%
  • Ethnicity Liechtensteiner 66%, German, Italian and others 34%
  • Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
  • Chief exports speciality machinery, car parts, dental products, electronic equipment
Vaduz CastleVaduz CastleFlag of LiechtensteinFlag of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein is doubly landlocked. it is completely surrounded by other countries that are themselves landlocked. The only other doubly landlocked country in the world is Uzbekistan.

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