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A map of MonacoA map of Monaco Surrounded by France, Monaco lies on the southeast Mediterranean coast, close to the Italian border. For more than 700 years it has been ruled by princes and princesses of the Grimaldi family. Monaco’s people are known as Monegasques, or Monacans. Nearly all are citizens of France—only a few are originally from Monaco. Monaco is a major centre for international business: its low rate of tax makes it an attractive place for companies to set up business and for rich people to take up residence. It is also popular with tourists, who come for its sunny beaches, warm climate and nightlife. The district of Monte Carlo is famous for the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix as well as for its casinos.

Monte Carlo harbourMonte Carlo harbour

Consultant: Nicholas Harris

Facts about Monaco

  • Population 37,000
  • Area 2 sq km
  • Highest point Mont Agel 140 m (459 ft)
  • Capital Monaco, population 38,400
  • Languages French, English
  • Religions Christian (Roman Catholic) 90%, others 10%
  • Ethnicity French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, others 21%
  • Chief exports cosmetics, perfumes, clothing
  • Currency Euro (EUR)
Preparation for the Monaco Grand PrixPreparation for the Monaco Grand PrixFlag of MonacoFlag of Monaco

Monaco, the world's second smallest country, is also the most densely populated country in the world.

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