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A map of NorwayA map of NorwayThe mountainous country of Norway makes up the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Mountains rise steeply from the western and northern coasts, descending to flatter land in the southeast around the capital, Oslo. The northern landscape is rocky tundra, while the southern lowlands are forested. During the last Ice Ages, glaciers shaped Norway’s mountains and fjords. Although it lies on the same latitude as Greenland, Norway’s coast is warmed by the Gulf Stream: southern regions have a temperate climate with cold winters and mild summers. The far north experiences a long, Arctic winter and shorter summers. As well as thousands of islands along its coastline, Norwegian territory includes Jan Mayen Island and the Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.

A map of NorwayA map of Norway
Reine fishing village, Lofoten archipelagoReine fishing village, Lofoten archipelago


Most Norwegians live along the coast in the south and west, where the land is flatter and the climate warmer. In the rural north, houses are scattered far apart. Here, people live on small farms and are self-sufficient, growing their own food and collecting wood. Although remote, many rural communities have modern technologies such as Wi-Fi (allowing people to connect to the internet using radio waves) and satellite TV.

The most popular sport in Norway is cross-country skiing. Rock carvings have been found at Rødøy that show Norwegians using skis 4000 years ago.

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