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A map of RomaniaA map of Romania The Carpathian Mountains arc around a central rugged plateau region of central Romania called Transylvania. The rest of the country is made up of low, rolling hills, forests and farmland. In the southeast, farmers grow cereal crops on the Baragan plain. In the south, the great River Danube runs along the country's borders with Serbia and Bulgaria, before turning north and flowing through wetlands before entering the Black Sea in a delta. Romania’s climate is continental; although summers can be warm and dry, winters are often cold, harsh and snowy. 

A map of RomaniaA map of Romania
Dancing the tango on a Bucharest metro stationDancing the tango on a Bucharest metro station


Ethnic Romanians—more than 85% of the population—are descendants of the ancient Thracians, people who inhabited the region 3000 years ago, along with Romans, who conquered and started to colonize the region by AD 106. Until 1947, Transylvania was part of Hungary; today, it still has a large ethnic Hungarian population. Small populations of Ukrainians and Turks live along the Black Sea coast.

In 1856, Bucharest became the first city in the world to have street lights: its streets were lit by oil lamps. Thirty-three years later, Timisoara became the first city in Europe to have electric street lighting.

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