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A machine at a chocolate factoryA machine at a chocolate factory The word “industry” describes an activity that produces the goods or services that people need or want. Industries fall into three groups. Primary industries are those that extract or grow raw materials, such as mining, fishing, farming and forestry. Secondary industries are manufacturing industries, which turn the raw materials into products such as cars, matches, books, pharmaceuticals (producing drugs for use in medicine) and buildings. Tertiary industries are service industries, which provide services for people. These industries include transport, shops, healthcare, banking, education, leisure and tourism.


The world's major mineral depositsThe world's major mineral depositsThe Earth contains many minerals that are vital to us today. Minerals are non-living substances such as rocks and metals found naturally in the Earth’s crust. Some metals, such as gold, can be found at the surface, but others are buried deep in the ground and have to be mined.

China is the top manufacturing country in the world by output, a title held by the USA for over 100 years until 2010.

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