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A map of BarbadosA map of Barbados Barbados is the easternmost island in the Lesser Antilles group. It is made up of more than 700 islands, islets and cays (the local name for a coral reefs). Although Barbados is at maximum 34 kilometres (21 miles) long and 23 kilometres (14 miles) wide, it is home to over 280,000 people, making it one of the world’s most densely populated countries. The coast is fringed with white, sandy beaches and tropical lowlands. Inland, the land rises gently to a rocky central ridge. Offshore, the island is surrounded by coral reefs. Barbados has a hot, tropical climate, with an especially wet season between June and November.

Bathsheba, on the east coast of BarbadosBathsheba, on the east coast of Barbados
High StreetHigh Street


Barbados is the most developed island nation in the Caribbean. For centuries, the country was a major exporter of raw sugar. Its present-day population is largely made up of Africans whose ancestors worked on the island’s sugar plantations. Other Barbadians—often known as Bajans—include immigrants of Indian orgin from Guyana and "White Bajans" from the British Isles. Although English is the official language, most Barbadians speak Bajan Creole in day-to-day life. The language which has its roots in both English and West African languages.

Between 1946 and 1980, one third of Barbados’ population emigrated to Britain.

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