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States of the US

Massachusetts

A map of MassachusettsA map of MassachusettsMassachusetts is located in the northeastern region of the United States: it is one of the six New England states. The low-lying eastern portion, including the Cape Cod peninsula, is part of the Atlantic coastal plain. The Massachusetts coastline features many bays and inlets, providing a number of excellent natural harbours of which Boston's is one. Inland there are forested uplands, part of the Appalachian range. To the west of the Connecticut River valley, which flows north-south through the state, lie the Berkshire Hills, part of the Taconic Mountains.


Landscape of Cape CodLandscape of Cape Cod

Name

The state is named after its Bay. The word itself may have come from the name of the native population, called the Massachusett, which has been variously translated as "near the great hill" or "by the blue hills", a reference, perhaps, to the Great Blue Hill. Alternatively, “Massachusett” may be another spelling of Moswetuset, from the name of the Moswetuset Hummock. This is where in 1621 the leader of the Plymouth Colony, Miles Standish, met the Massachusett chief Chickatawbut. Massachusetts' official name is the "Commonwealth of Massachusetts”. The state is often known simply as "the Commonwealth".


The Connecticut River and Pioneer ValleyThe Connecticut River and Pioneer Valley
Snow in SomervilleSnow in Somerville

Climate

The Central Artery/Tunnel Project (CA/T), known as the Big Dig, was a megaproject designed to improve traffic flow through Boston’s city streets. Involving the construction of several bridges and tunnels, the project took place between 1991 and 2007. It became the most expensive highway project in US history.

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