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States of the US

New Jersey

A map of New JerseyA map of New JerseyNew Jersey is located in the northeastern region of the United States. The ridges and valleys of the Appalachians, known locally as the "Skylands", run roughly northeast–southwest across the state. Northeastern New Jersey, the Gateway Region, lies close to New York City; from here, up to a million residents commute daily into the city to work. South of the Appalachians are the lowlands of the Atlantic coastal plain. The Delaware Valley, which marks the border with Pennsylvania, forms part of the Philadelphia urban area. New Jersey's Atlantic Shore is fringed by barrier islands and sheltered waterways. Just inland from the coast lies the the forested and sparsely populated Pine Barrens region.

Pequest River Valley, northern New JerseyPequest River Valley, northern New Jersey

Newark Street (India Square), Jersey CityNewark Street (India Square), Jersey City

Name

When the area that is now New Jersey passed into English hands in 1664, it was named after the largest of the Channel Islands, Jersey. During the English Civil War, Jersey had remained loyal to the British Crown and gave sanctuary to King Charles II following the execution of his father, Charles I. Charles II’s brother, the Duke of York (later King James II), granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two loyal friends, Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. They named it the Province of New Jersey.


Climate

New Jersey is home to more scientists and engineers per square mile than anywhere else in the world.

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