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States of the US

New York City

Aerial view of ManhattanAerial view of ManhattanNew York City is located at the mouth of the Hudson River and the western end of Long Island. With a population of more than 20 million people (including parts of New Jersey), the New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world. The city is also a global centre of commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology and entertainment. The headquarters of the United Nations, the world's two largest stock exchanges, the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street and NASDAQ and Times Square, hub of the Broadway Theater District, are all located in the city. Home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, New York has the world's largest foreign-born population of any American city. As many as 800 languages are spoken, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world.

This page is about New York City. Click here for New York State.

Peter Minuit buys Manhattan from the LenapePeter Minuit buys Manhattan from the Lenape

Early history

Around 22,000 years ago, the New York City region was covered by a ice sheet more than 1000 feet (300 metres) deep. The ice scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock on which the city was later built. The first inhabitants were the ancestors of various Native American Algonquian tribes, among them the Lenape, who hunted, fished and later farmed in the area.

Some of New York’s place names originated in the Dutch period and were named after places in the Netherlands. Examples are: Flushing (Vlissingen), Harlem (Haarlem) and Brooklyn (Breukelen)

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