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States of the US

New York

A map of New YorkA map of New YorkNew York State is located in the northeastern region of the United States. Ranges of the Appalachian Mountains cross much of the state. In the southeast, the Hudson Highlands skirt the New York metropolitan area and continue on the east side of the Hudson Valley, merging with the New England highlands. North of them are the Catskill Mountains, while the Adirondack Mountains occupy the northeastern part of the state. South of the Mohawk Valley, the Southern Tier, part of the Allegheny Plateau, extends across western New York as far as Lake Erie. Here are the Finger Lakes, formed from the meltwaters of Ice Age glaciers. Long Island is formed from glacial moraine and a sandy outwash plain.

This page is about New York State. Click here for New York City.
Adirondack MountainsAdirondack Mountains

A old print of New York City in the 1730s A old print of New York City in the 1730s

Name

In 1664, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Dutch Province of New Netherland was captured by the English. It was awarded by King Charles II to his brother James, Duke of York (the future King James II). Dutchman Peter Stuyvesant, governor general of New Amsterdam, the Province’s chief town, surrendered to Colonel Richard Nicolls on 27th August 1664. A few days later, Nicolls renamed the town New York in honour of the Duke. The Province was also renamed New York.


Climate

New York City makes up over 40% of the population of New York state. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York City Metropolitan Area.

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