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Ancient Egypt


Tutankhamun's face maskTutankhamun's face maskTutankhamun (sometimes known as "King Tut", or the "Boy King") became pharaoh at the age of nine and ruled for only ten years, from about 1336 BC to 1327 BC during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. He is one of the most famous of all the pharaohs because it was his tomb that was found, still intact with nearly all its treasures, more than 3000 years later by archaeologist Howard Carter and George Herbert, Earl of Caernarvon in 1922.


Pharaoh Akhenaten and Queen NefertitiPharaoh Akhenaten and Queen NefertitiTutankhamun's father was probably Pharaoh Akhenaten (reigned around 1364–1348 BC). Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, as he was originally known, had decided to change the religion of Egypt, then based on many gods. He declared that Aten, the sun in the sky, was the only god and that no other god should be worshipped. He even changed his own name to Akhenaten. Ruling Egypt along with his wife Nefertiti, he moved from Thebes and established a new capital of Egypt further north at a place called Akhetaten (today known as Amarna). The worshipping of many gods was a centuries-old practice in Egypt and Akhenaten's changes were probably unpopular.

Although there have been a number of theories suggesting that Tutankhamun was assassinated, most experts now agree that his death was probably accidental.

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