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David Livingstone

David Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Scotland.David Livingstone was born in Blantyre, Scotland. Scottish missionary David Livingstone (1813–1873) moved to Africa in 1841, hoping to convert the African peoples to Christianity. He explored the interior of southern Africa, and canoed the length of the River Zambezi, which rises in Zambia in south-central Africa. He later went in search of the source of the Nile. In 1871, after he had not been heard from for several years, Livingstone was "found" by the Welsh-American journalist and explorer Henry Morton Stanley (1841–1904) at Ujiji, in modern-day Tanzania.

Travelling to Lake NgamiTravelling to Lake Ngami

Livingstone's journeys

Livingstone was initially posted to Kuruman in modern-day South Africa. In 1849, he made the first of a series of journeys, trekking across the Kalahari Desert by ox-cart to Lake Ngami. He decided to explore the river system to the north of the lake, hoping to find a route into central Africa for British missionaries and traders. He reached Sesheke (in modern-day Zambia) in 1851, where he befriended the chief of the Kololo tribe. It was here that he first saw the great River Zambezi. 

Livingstone was an abolitionist (opposed to slavery) after witnessing the horrors of the trade for himself: on 15th July 1871, he saw 400 Africans being massacred by Arab slavers in Nyangwe, in the modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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