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Anne Frank

Anne Frank in 1942Anne Frank in 1942 Anne Frank (1929–45) was a young German Jewish girl whose account of being forced to go into hiding with her family during World War II has since become a classic of war literature. The Diary of Anne Frank has been adapted for plays and for films, and to this day remains one of the most moving and widely-read books about the events of the Holocaust. Anne died in a German concentration camp just before the end of the war, in March 1945.

Nazis enforcing a boycott of a Jewish-run shop, 1933Nazis enforcing a boycott of a Jewish-run shop, 1933

Early life in Frankfurt

Anne Frank was born on 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. She was the second daughter born to Otto Frank and Edith Frank-Hollander. Her sister Margot was three years older. The family lived in a well-off neighbourhood in the suburbs of Frankfurt where Jews and people of other religions existed happily side by side. But this comfortable life was shattered when Adolf Hitler’s National Socialist Party (Nazi Party) came to power in 1933. The Nazis were violently antisemitic, blaming the Jews for Germany’s problems, and Otto Frank decided that it was time to move his family away from danger. In autumn 1933, the Franks fled to Amsterdam, in the Netherlands, where Otto set up a business.

First published in English in 1952 as Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl, the book's original Dutch title was Het Achterhuis: Dagboekbrieven 14 Juni 1942–1 Augustus 1944 (The Annexe: Diary Notes 14th June 1942–1st August 1944).

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