The Online Library of Knowledge

Famous women

Jane Goodall

Jane Goodall, speaking in 2014Jane Goodall, speaking in 2014 Dame Jane Goodall (born 1934) is an English primatologist (an expert on primates). She is best known for her 45-year study of the lives of chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. (Gombe is north of Kigoma on the shore of Lake Tanganyika). In 1977, she established the Jane Goodall Institute as part of an effort to protect chimpanzees and their habitats in the wild. She also works on conservation and animal welfare issues.

Jane with JubileeJane with Jubilee

Early life

Jane Goodall was born in London, UK, on 3rd April 1934. She was fascinated by animals from an early age, and just after her first birthday her father gave her a toy chimpanzee. Jane named the lifelike chimp Jubilee. She spent much of her childhood in Bournemouth, and loved to watch the birds and animals near her home, making notes and sketches. 

After reading Hugh Lofting’s The Story of Dr Doolittle, Jane decided she would go to Africa one day to study the animals there. 

Jane Goodall witnessed what she called the "Gombe Chimpanzee War", lasting from 1974 to 1978. It was a violent conflict between two troops of chimps that had once been a single community, but which divided into northern and southern groups.

© 2020 Q-files Ltd. All rights reserved. Switch to Mobile