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LET'S EXPLORE Ancient worlds

Who lived in ancient Babylon?

Three Babylonian warriorsThree Babylonian warriorsBabylon was one of the most important cities in Mesopotamia. This was the fertile land that lay between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is now Iraq. It was one of the first places in the world where people settled down to be farmers. This happened in around 10,000 BC.

 

A map of MesopotamiaA map of Mesopotamia

The Sumerians

A sculpture of a Sumerian worshipperA sculpture of a Sumerian worshipperThe first cities in Mesopotamia were founded by the Sumerian people about 6500 years ago. One of the earliest forms of writing was invented by the Sumerians. We know a lot about their way of life because they left many clay tablets with pictures—which represented words—carved on them. The writing later developed into lines and symbols, which were easier to carve. This is known as cuneiform. Writing enabled accurate records to be kept, such as of the number of animals a shepherd had.

A Sumerian scribe recording a farmer's livestockA Sumerian scribe recording a farmer's livestock

The Code of Hammurabi consists of 282 laws and their punishments, including "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth".

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