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LET'S EXPLORE Ancient worlds

How did the Roman Empire arise?

Roman soldiers march out of a fortRoman soldiers march out of a fortTwo thousand years ago, the Romans ruled most of Europe and beyond. The Roman Empire stretched from Britain to the Middle East. It included all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. About 60 million people lived under Roman rule. The Romans governed their empire well and protected it from other invaders. They built roads, aqueducts and fine buildings in the lands they conquered. The mighty Roman Empire lasted for hundreds of years.

Roman soldiers go into battleRoman soldiers go into battle

Settlers build the village that would become RomeSettlers build the village that would become Rome

The rise of Rome

Early Rome was ruled by kings, but in 509 BC the people decided to establish a republic. Rome would now governed by a small group of citizens called senators, who were elected by the people. Gradually, Rome became more powerful, conquering surrounding territories. By 264 BC, it controlled most of Italy.

In the 2nd century AD, around a fifth of the world's population lived under Roman rule.

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