North America

Native Americans

Early American hunter-gatherersEarly American hunter-gatherers People first settled in North America between 35,000 and 15,000 years ago (the date is uncertain). During the Ice Ages, the sea level was lower than it is today. It was possible to walk from northeastern Siberia to Alaska. Hunters followed their prey—mammoth, deer and other animals—from Asia into this new land. Over the years, people spread out to all parts of the Americas. Where game was plentiful, in forests and on the Great Plains, Native Americans (sometimes also called American Indians or Amerindians) continued to live by hunting. In some places, they turned to farming the land.



Hunters and fishermen

Using spears to hunt deerUsing spears to hunt deerAs the climate became warmer after the end of the last Ice Age, around 10,000 years ago, trees began to grow once more, forming dense forests. Hunters turned to hunting forest animals, such as deer. Like the people of the Middle East and elsewhere, the Native American hunters invented and used spear-throwers. The women gathered berries and nuts while the men hunted with spears, or fished with nets in the rivers and lakes. They fished from the shore and, in deeper water, from canoes, made by hollowing out tree trunks.
 

Totems (from the Algonquian word "dodaem" meaning “family group”) are sculptures carved out of tall trees by native peoples of the Pacific Coast of northwestern North America. The world’s tallest totem pole is 53 m (173 ft) tall and was carved in Alert Bay, Canada, in the 1960s.

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