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North America

Timeline of Canadian history

First Nations

Three First Nations men at the Chaudière FallsThree First Nations men at the Chaudière Fallsbefore 1500 AD First Nations peoples settle areas across what is now Canada. In the northwest are the Athabaskan-speaking peoples, including Slavey, Tlicho, Tutchone and Tlingit. Pacific coast peoples include the Haida, Salish, Squamish, Kwakiutl, Nuu-chah-nulth, Nisgaa, Gitxsan. Inhabiting the Great Plains are the Blackfoot, Kainai, Sarcee and Northern Peigan. The Cree and Chippewa are in the Northern Woodlands, while around the Great Lakes are the Anishinaabe (including the Odawa or Ottawa, Ojibwe, Potawatomi, Mississaugas and Algonquin), Iroquois and Wyandot or Huron. The Beothuk, Maliseet, Innu, Abenaki and Mikmaq (or Micmac) live on the Atlantic coast. Natives of the Arctic area are distinct and are known as Inuit. 

The Doukhobors are a Spiritual Christian group of Russian origin. Their pacifist beliefs and desire to avoid government interference in their lives led to about 7500 Doukhobors emigrating from Russia to Saskatchewan, Canada, in 1899. Rejecting materialism and education, their descendants, around 40,000 in number, continue to live in southeastern British Columbia, southern Alberta and Saskatchewan.

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