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Ancient Rome

A model of Rome during the reign of ConstantineA model of Rome during the reign of Constantine In about 750 BC, a tribe of people who spoke a language called Latin settled on the banks of the River Tiber in Italy. This settlement became a town called Rome. Over time, Rome grew to be a large and powerful city, the capital of an empire conquered by its all-powerful army, stretching from Britain to the Middle East. The name Rome is believed to come from Romulus, one of the legendary twins who is credited with the founding of the city. 

A 13th- to 15th-century statue of Romulus and RemusA 13th- to 15th-century statue of Romulus and Remus

Romulus and Remus

According to legend, Rome was founded by the twins Romulus and Remus, who were raised by a she-wolf. As adults, they decided to build a town, but quarelled over where to place it. In the fight that ensued, Romulus killed his brother. This legend dates the founding of Rome to 753 BC. The archaeological evidence does suggest that walls on the Palatine Hill, at the centre of the modern city, date from that period.

The Colosseum was the largest amphitheatre in the Roman Empire, holding up to 80,000 spectators. It was built in AD 70–80.

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