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Romans

Roman provinces

A British chieftain pays taxes to the Romans.A British chieftain pays taxes to the Romans. Having conquered a new province, Roman governors would begin the process of integrating it into the empire. They introduced Roman coinage and the Latin language. Rome demanded that all provinces pay tax—a proportion of their wealth. This could be taken in the form of crops and goods as well as coins. Some of the money was used to pay for the army and local building projects. But the Romans also practised tolerance by allowing the people to continue to follow their own customs and religions. The Romans often adopted the gods they found in their provinces, from the many Greek gods to the Egyptian Isis and the Persian Mithras.


Building projects

Once a province was fully under the army's control, its new governors began a building programme. The frontier fort expanded into a proper town. Later, it might gain a strong wall around it to guard against local uprisings. Public buildings, such as bathhouses, a basilica (town hall), granaries and an amphitheatre, were constructed. The streets were laid out in an ordered grid pattern and paved so that they did not turn to mud in wet weather. Aqueducts (for carrying fresh water) and a sewerage system were built and a road-building programme begun.A Roman town, harbour and roadsA Roman town, harbour and roads

The Romans called most foreigners "Barbarians". They borrowed the word from the ancient Greeks, who made it up to sound like the apparently meaningless babbling of people who speak other languages ("ba-ba-ba").

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