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LET'S EXPLORE Prehistoric life

Prehistoric humans glossary

Australopithecines An extinct family of apes that lived in Africa between four and two million years ago. Most species were about 1 m (just over 3 ft) tall, with long arms, short legs and a small brain. They looked ape-like but probably walked upright. Fossils of several kinds, including Australopithecus afarensis, have been discovered. One may have been the ancestors of humans.

Cave paintings Paintings on the walls of caves made by humans. Some famous cave paintings were made by a group of humans in Europe called Cro-Magnon people between 35,000 and 15,000 years ago. They show wild animals such as horses, bison and deer. There are examples of cave art on every continent in the world.

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