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Story of humans

Human evolution A-Z

Aegyptopithecus   An extinct ape that lived in Egypt 35 million years ago. It was about 60 cm (2 ft) long and walked on four legs. It is believed to be an ancestor of today’s Old World monkeys—monkeys from Africa and Asia with relatively short, inflexible tails and nostrils that are very close together. 

Australopithecines   An extinct family of apes that lived in Africa between four and two million years ago. Most species were about 1 m (just over 3 ft) tall, with long arms, short legs and a small brain. They looked ape-like but probably walked upright. Fossils of several kinds, including Australopithecus afarensis, A. anamensis, A. africanus and A. garhi, have been discovered. One may have been the ancestors of humans.

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