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Ancient Middle East

Mesopotamia A-Z

Ashurbanipal   The last powerful king of Assyria, who ruled 668–c.627 BC. He is most famous for creating the world’s first library, in the city of Nineveh. 

Assyrian civilization   A civilization that developed in northern Mesopotamia in about 2300 BC. The Assyrians were traders and warriors with an empire that stretched across much of northern Mesopotamia. In 612 BC, the Assyrian capital, Nineveh, was destroyed by the Babylonians and the Assyrian Empire collapsed. 

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