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British kings and queens

House of Stewart

Robert IIRobert II

Robert II (1371–1390)

The son of Marjorie, daughter of Robert the Bruce, and Walter the Steward, Robert used the spelling “Stewart” for his surname and was the first monarch from the House of Stewart. He had little interest in government or warfare, handing over responsibility for law and order to his sons. He struggled to control his nobles, who were eager to make war on England. Robert married twice and produced 21 children, eight of whom were illegitimate.

The name "Stewart" comes from the word “steward”, or governor. The Stewart family’s ancestors were from Brittany and held the office of High Steward of Scotland since the 12th century.

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