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Rohingya crisis

Rohingya refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, BangladeshRohingya refugee camp in Cox's Bazar, BangladeshThe Rohingya crisis is a series of persecutions by the government of Myanmar government against the Muslim Rohingya people. More than half a million Rohingya have been forced to flee to neighboring countries such as Bangladesh. A refugee camp in the Cox's Bazar district of southeastern Bangladesh—as of August 2019—holds more than 700,000 Rohingya who have fled Myanmar. Meanwhile, Myanmar’s military has been accused by the United Nations of genocide (an intentional action to destroy an entire people) in Rakhine State, northwestern Myanmar. The UN report, published in August 2018, said it found evidence of mass extermination and expulsion of the Rohingya Muslims. It said that the actions of Myanmar’s armed forces, known as the Tatmadaw, in Rakhine “undoubtedly amounted to the gravest crimes under international law”. The military were “killing indiscriminately ... assaulting children and burning entire villages”, all of which constitute "crimes against humanity".

Rohingya people

Rohingya womenRohingya womenUntil 2016, around 1.1 million Rohingya people lived in Myanmar (previously called Burma), chiefly in the northern part of Rakhine State in the far northwest of the country, near the border with Bangladesh. Mostly Muslim, the Rohingya speak a language similar to the Bengali dialect of Chittagong in Bangladesh. The Rakhine (once called Arakanese) people, another of Myanmar's many ethnic groups, are Burmese-speaking Buddhists. They form the majority population in all parts of Rakhine State except the north. 

The modern term Rohingya may come from Rakhanga or Roshanga, early names for the state of Arakan (now Rakhine).

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