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States of the US

Mississippi

A map of MississippiA map of MississippiMississippi is located in the Deep South of the United States. Most of the state consists of rolling, low hills that slope gently down to the coast of Gulf of Mexico. In the north, the land rises to the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains. In the west of the state lies the flat Mississippi alluvial plain, sometimes referred to as the Mississippi Delta. The Mississippi River itself follows a meandering course as it flows south. The plain is narrow in the south, but widens north of Vicksburg where the Yazoo River flows into the Mississippi. The land is covered by rich soil, consisting partly of silt which has been deposited by the floodwaters of the Mississippi River over many years. Outside the alluvial plain and coastal strip, the land is mostly covered by thick forest.

The Vicksburg Bridge over the Mississippi RiverThe Vicksburg Bridge over the Mississippi River

Name

The state is named after the Mississippi River, which traces most of its western boundary. The word Mississippi itself comes from Messipi, the French version of the Native American Ojibwe word for the river, misi-ziibi, which means “Great River”.


Damage caused by Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf CoastDamage caused by Hurricane Katrina on the Gulf Coast

Climate

The climate of Mississippi is subtropical in the southern part of the state and temperate in the northern part. The south has long, hot summers and short, mild winters (the region near the coast has warmer winter temperatures than inland areas). Late summer and autumn is when the risk for hurricanes moving inland from the Gulf of Mexico is greatest. Hurricane Katrina in 2005 was one of the most devastating hurricanes to hit the state. Thunderstorms are common in Mississippi, especially in southern areas. The state is also vulnerable to tornadoes.


Swamp near Ashland, MississippiSwamp near Ashland, Mississippi
Standard Life Building, JacksonStandard Life Building, Jackson

Economy

The boll weevil is the most destructive cotton pest in North America. It invaded the US from Mexico in 1892 and reached southeastern Alabama in 1909. By the mid-1920s, it had infested all the cotton-growing regions of the US, including Mississippi.

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